The small intestine is a winding, tightly folded tube about 20 ft (6 m) long in adults. It connects to the stomach on the top end and to the large intestine (colon) on the bottom end. Most of the food a person consumes is digested and absorbed in the small intestine. The lining of the small intestine has tiny, finger-shaped tissues (villi). These raised tissues greatly increase the surface area of the intestine, which absorbs calories and nutrients from food.
The small intestine consists of three parts. The first part, called the duodenum, connects to the stomach. The middle part is the jejunum. The third part, called the ileum, attaches to the colon.
Current as of: August 9, 2016
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: E. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine & Adam Husney, MD – Family Medicine & Peter J. Kahrilas, MD – Gastroenterology